Unfortunately count burns and scalds at the infant one of the most common injuries suffered by children up to the age of five. Up to 80% of these burn accidents happen in the home. A well-stocked medicine cabinet, a first aid kit and, above all, parents who have learned how to react correctly in an emergency in a first aid course minimize the risk of burns in a baby.
scalds are called injuries with hot water or steam. Injuries caused by flames are referred to as burns. Electric shocks also cause severe to severe burns in the baby.
The three degrees of burns
- 1st degree burns: reddening of the skin is visible, strong pain sensation, eg in the case of sunburn
- 2nd degree burns: reddening of the skin is visible, additional filled blisters on the skin, strong pain sensation
- Third degree burns: white or brown-black discoloration of the skin, no pain sensation because the combustion goes so deep that the skin nerves are already destroyed
First responders usually find several degrees of burns on a patient. The skin of one Babies is many times more sensitive, a child feels hot and cold much more intensively. Rapid cooling of burns has top priority!
First aid for burns and scalds in the baby?
When the first responder arrives at the scene of the accident, the first thing they do is put out the fire and the child’s burning clothes. As far as possible, the baby should be stripped of his clothes. The person providing first aid showers the child with water that is around 20 °C. Body parts that are burned must be cooled with water for at least twenty minutes. The baby is not allowed to eat or drink in this state. After cooling, the helper wraps the child in a rescue film – with the coated side to the body – or in clean towels.
The rescue should be alerted via 144 or the European emergency number 112, at burns or scaldswhich is only a small part of the body of the Babies concerned, consult the nearest pediatrician. It is recommended that you take your vaccination card with you to ensure that you are protected against tetanus.
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