What you should know about orthodontics
A radiant child’s mouth with white, even teeth – you only get that in . But when should you have your child’s misaligned teeth corrected? Is it worth getting braces for baby teeth? And how much do orthodontics cost anyway? We have researched.
What forms of misalignment are there?
Crowding is a misalignment that is too close together due to a lack of space in the jaw.
A gap bite is the opposite of crowding. The jaw is too large in relation to the teeth. The result is wider interdental spaces.
Crossbite: A crossbite occurs when some or all of the teeth on the lower jaw are over those on the upper jaw when you clench.
An overbite occurs when the size ratio between the upper and lower jaw is disproportionate. It can be recognized by the fact that the upper teeth are far in front of the lower ones.
An underbite is the opposite of an overbite. In this case, the upper jaw is too small in relation to the lower jaw and the teeth of the lower jaw are protruding.
If the bottom teeth bite into the roof of your mouth when you clench it is called a deep bite.
The overbite describes a steep position of the incisors in the upper jaw. When clenching in this position, the lower teeth are completely covered by the teeth of the upper jaw. Another term for the covering bite is the “deep bite”.
Braces for toddlers
If there is a serious misalignment due to thumb sucking or a pacifier, orthodontics can be started as early as kindergarten age. Such jaw changes can often be corrected with an oral vestibular plate, for example. With such early treatment, your child can be spared later extensive measures in advance.
Otherwise, the use of orthodontics is recommended from the age of 10 at the earliest.
When does the sickness insurance pay?
The misalignment of teeth is classified into five categories. With the “Free braces” program, the health insurance company supports the correction of misalignments of IOTN 4 and 5, which are among the most serious misalignments.
In addition, the treating dentist must be a contractual partner for orthodontics for the health insurance company.
Since July 1, 2015, early childhood deformities have also been part of the “Free Braces” program. This results in a strong shift in early treatment from the old non-cash benefit area with a 50% patient retention to the new free service area. If you are entitled to the new free braces, you are no longer entitled to the “old” braces. If there is no entitlement to the free braces, it will be checked as before whether the prerequisite for a benefit under the previous regulation exists. It should be noted that there are misaligned teeth for which early treatment is not advisable.
The assumption of the costs of the braces does not have to be approved first, but is given as soon as your orthodontist has determined the tooth misalignment of at least IOTN4.
In early childhood, the same requirements apply to interceptive treatment for removable braces and fixed braces. If there is a need for early treatment, your child will receive the entire early treatment free of charge. Which braces are better in individual cases depends on the type of tooth misalignment.
The health insurance does not cover any costs for cosmetic procedures or “nicer” orthodontics. If your child really wants white brackets, you have to pay for them yourself, as the health insurance company does not cover any costs for them.
If you have any questions, you should ask your health insurance company about the exact provisions.
What treatment options are there?
In the case of small children, if treatment is required, both removable and fixed braces are covered by the “free braces”, regardless of the length of treatment.
Some orthodontic malpositions or other malpositions can also be corrected in the short term with small orthodontic aids,
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